Basic Crochet Stitches

The Basic Stitches

Getting started is the hard part, but once the basic stitches are mastered, the rest will all be smooth crocheting.

The crochet stitches below are the basis for almost every crochet technique, no matter how intricate. You'll soon learn them by heart and then won’t need to refer to these instructions.

The foundation chain (or base chain)

The chain stitch forms the foundation row in crochet. It is quick and easy to make and almost all crochet starts with a foundation (or base) chain. This is the equivalent of ‘casting on’ in knitting. The base chain is a series of chain stitches, which normally begin with a loop secured by a slip knot.

Making a slip knot

Follow instructions given for ‘Making a Slip Knot’.

Chain stitch (ch)

1. Wrap the yarn over the hook in an anticlockwise direction (or hold the yarn still and manoeuvre the hook) (see below).

Crochet chain stitch

2. Draw the yarn through to form a new loop without tightening up the previous one (see below).

Crochet chain stitch part 2

Note: Unless otherwise specified, always wrap the yarn this way round. To make a length of base chain, make as many chains as required. Keep shifting your left hand position up close to the hook every couple of stitches or so; this is easy, if you use a right hand finger tip to hold down the loop on the hook, while you do so. To count chains correctly as you make them, do not count the initial slip loop as a chain. To count them afterwards, first make sure that they are not twisted and that you are looking at the ‘front’ (see below), then count back, but ignore the loop still on the hook.

Crochet chain stitch - front
Crochet chain stitch - back
Crochet Hooks

Slip stitch (sl st)

1. Insert the hook into 2nd chain from hook, wrap the yarn over the hook, draw the yarn through the chain and the loop on the hook in one movement - 1 sl st made (see below).

Slip stitch - part 1 Slip stitch - part 2

2. Repeat this last step (see above).

Crochet Hooks

Double crochet (dc)

Double crochet diagram

1. Insert the hook into 2nd chain from hook, wrap the yarn over the hook and draw the yarn through the chain only (see below).

Double crochet - part 1

2. Wrap the yarn again and draw the yarn through both loops on hook (see below) - 1 dc complete (see below).

Double crochet - part 2
Double crochet -  complete
Crochet Hooks

Half treble (htr)

Half treble diagram

1. Wrap the yarn over the hook and insert the hook into 3rd chain from the hook (see below).

Half treble - part 1

2. Wrap the yarn over the hook, draw through the chain only and wrap the yarn again (see below).

Double crochet - part 2

3. Draw through all 3 loops on hook - 1 htr made (see below).

Double crochet - part 3
Crochet Hooks

Treble (tr)

Treble diagram

1. Wrap the yarn over hook and insert hook into 4th chain from hook (see below).

Crochet treble - part 1

2. Wrap the yarn over the hook, draw through the chain only and wrap the yarn again (see below).

Crochet treble - part 2

3. Draw through the first 2 loops only and wrap the yarn again (see below).

Crochet treble - part 3

4. Draw through the last 2 loops on the hook - 1 tr made (see below).

Crochet treble - part 4
Crochet Hooks

Double treble (dtr)

Double treble diagram

1. Wrap the yarn over the hook twice and insert hook into 5th chain from hook (see below).

Double treble - part 1

2. Wrap the yarn over the hook, draw through the chain only and wrap the yarn again (see below).

Double treble - part 2

3. Draw through the first 2 loops only and wrap the yarn again (see below).

Double treble - part 3

4. Draw through the next 2 loops only and wrap the yarn again (see below).

Double treble - part 4

5. Draw through the last 2 loops on hook - 1 dtr made (see below).

Double treble - part 5
Crochet Hooks

Triple treble (ttr)

Triple treble diagram

1. Wrap the yarn over hook 3 times and insert the hook into 6th chain from hook (see below).

Triple treble - part 1

2. Wrap the yarn over the hook, draw through the chain only and wrap the yarn again (see below).

Triple treble - part 2

3. Draw through the first 2 loops only and wrap the yarn again (see below), then repeat this last step twice more (following image).

Triple treble - part 3 Triple treble - part 4

4. Draw through the last 2 loops on hook - 1 ttr made (Fig.108).

Triple treble - part 5
Crochet Hooks

Longer Basic Stitches

Longer basic stitches - usually called Quadruple Treble (quad tr), Quintuple Treble (quin tr), Sextuple Treble (sext tr), etc - are made by wrapping the yarn 4, 5, 6, etc, times over the hook at the beginning and by wrapping and drawing through 2 loops more times to complete the stitch.